Extensometers for materials testing
High Temperature Axial/Torsional Extensometers (1200°C or 1600°C) – Model 7650
Simultaneously measures axial and torsional strains at high temperatures on specimens tested in axial/torsional machines. For use with materials testing furnaces or induction heating up to 1600 °C (2900 °F). May be used for bi-axial, strain-controlled fatigue. Slide mounting system enables mounting to hot specimens in seconds.
Operation of these, and all of Epsilon’s extensometers, are
VERIFIED TO APPLICABLE STANDARDS SUCH AS ASTM E83 OR ISO 9513
using in-house calibration systems that are calibrated with Epsilon’s laser interferometer system.
WITH EPSILON’S 20+ YEAR HISTORY OF SERVICE
to the materials testing community, you know we will be there to stand behind our products when your critical application requires it.
Model 7650 extensometers are primarily used on round specimens tested in bi-axial test machines capable of simultaneous axial and torsional loading. All models are capable of bi-directional displacement in both axes and may be used for strain-controlled fatigue testing under fully reversed load and strain conditions at frequencies up to 10 Hz.
All 7650 models mount rigidly on the load frame and incorporate slide mounting to bring the extensometer into contact with the specimen. The gauge length is set automatically before mounting on the test specimen, which allows for hot mounting after thermal equilibrium has been reached.
These units are specifically designed to minimize crosstalk between axes and to provide high accuracy, high resolution measurements. They incorporate capacitive sensors for low operating force and include electronics with programmable filtering and multi-point linearization for improved performance and accuracy. The overall design minimizes, and in many cases virtually eliminates, any influence from common lab environment vibrations.
These liquid-cooled extensometers are equipped with high purity alumina rods with conical rod tips for specimen contact when testing to 1200 °C (2200 °F). Silicon carbide rods are used for the 1600 °C (2900 °F) high temperature option.
The Model 7650 is often customized for specific test needs. Contact Epsilon for a configuration that matches your requirement.
- Hot mountable and retractable.
- Self-setting gauge length with fine adjustment feature.
- All models can measure in both tension and compression and may be used for cyclic testing at test frequencies up to 10 Hz.
- Ships fully calibrated with calibration that is traceable to NPL; voltage output may be user-specified (typically 0-10V).
- Excellent ambient vibration rejection; primary vibration mode >100 Hz typical
- Digital controller and power supply included. Provides high level DC voltage output with low noise. Easily interfaced to test controllers, data acquisition boards and chart recorders.
- Includes high speed analog and digital outputs.
- Web-based user interface for setup and data acquisition.
- Selectable analog and digital filter options from 2 Hz to 3 kHz.
- Built-in calibration reference and auto-zero features.
- Multiple extensometer calibration files may be loaded for use with one controller.
- Can be used with specimens at elevated temperatures while only requiring room temperature calibration.
- Quick-disconnect liquid cooling fittings and signal cables.
- Includes high quality foam lined case and a spare set of rods.
Analog Output: User specified, ±10VDC typical, ±10.8VDC rail
Digital Output: 24 bit high speed Ethernet output with built-in web interface
Accuracy: Standard configurations meet ASTM E83 class B-1 and ISO 9513 class 0,5 requirements for accuracy (axial). A test certificate is included. All standard units have linearity of 0.10% full scale measuring range or better in the torsional channel.
Linearity: 11 point digital linearization, ≤0.1% FS typical linearity (axial and torsional)
Hysteresis: ≤0.1% FS typical
Crosstalk: ≤0.2% FS typical at ±1° shear with 25 mm diameter specimen and 12.5 mm gauge length
Resolution: <75 PPM (0.0075%FS) RMS @ 4 kHz, <6 PPM (0.0006%FS) @ 100 Hz at gauge length
Filters: Selectable 100 Hz analog and 2 Hz – 3 kHz digital filters
Specimen Size Range: Fits most round specimens; diameter ≥10 mm recommended
Cyclic Testing: up to 10 Hz, depending on test system and test amplitude
Test Frame Layout: Accommodates test frames with torsional actuator located above or below the specimen
Temperature Range: Standard (-ST) is to 1200 °C (2200 °F), optional (-HT) 1600 °C (2900 °F)
Environment: Recommended for testing in dry air, inert / non-corrosive gases, or vacuum
Operating Force: <30 grams typical
Contact Force: <560 grams typical
Sensor Cables: 2 m (6.5 ft) room temperature cables
Output Cables: Flexible 2.4 m (8 ft) analog output cables
Coolant Interface: Two barbed hose fittings for 1/8” (3.2 mm) ID coolant hoses
Power: 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz, 15W; specify plug type when ordering
- Model EPS170 constant-temperature recirculating chiller (size: 190 mm L x 130 mm W x 180 mm H; weight: 3.5kg; power: 100-240VAC, 200W)
Liquid cooling is recommended for all elevated temperature tests to obtain the best measurement accuracy and retain the validity of a room temperature calibration when the specimen temperature is >540 °C (1000 °F). Cooling is necessary to prevent extensometer damage for testing in the range of ~800-1600 °C (1500-2900 °F). Epsilon Technology recommends the EPS170 constant-temperature recirculating chiller.
- High temperature option (-HT suffix) for use to 1600°C
- Bulkhead adapters for use in vacuum chambers
- Load frame mounting brackets
- Connectors to interface to nearly any brand of test equipment
- See Epsilon’s Axial/Torsional Extensometer Calibrator
Epsilon’s axial/torsional extensometer was designed to directly measure the shear strain, γ, shown in the figure. This design allows the correct determination of the shear strain without having to know the radius of the specimen being tested, R1. The shear strain is related to the angle of twist (a commonly referenced parameter in torsion testing), φ, by the following relationship:
For extensometers that measure φ directly instead of γ, corrections need to be made for every different specimen diameter tested and for axial strain to correctly determine the shear strain. The following two examples show the variation of the angle of twist versus a change in specimen diameter relative to the constant resulting shear strain:
Room temperature to 1200 °C (2200 °F) -ST
Room temperature to 1600 °C (2900 °F) -HT
Ceramic rod lengths are made to fit furnaces as required. Specify specimen diameter, load frame configuration, furnace dimensions, and electrical outlet type at time of ordering.
Requires external mounting brackets and 110 – 240VAC / 4W electrical power. Liquid cooling is recommended; required for 800 °C and above.